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IELTS Writing Sample - Task 1 Go To Sample
The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s. Summarize the in formation by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
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The pie chart introduces the main cause of worldwide land degradation during the 1990s in the percentage scale, whereas the table shows reasons of land degradation by three regions: North America, Europe and Oceania.
Over-grazing was the main reason of worldwide degradation and it reached 35 %. 30% and 28% of degradation was due to deforestation and over-cultivation respectively, leaving 7% for other reasons. It can be seen from the table, that Europe had the largest percentage of land degradation, which was 23%. The lowest percentage of land degradation was in North America and it reached only 5%. In Europe deforestation was the main cause of land degradation (9.8%), while in North America and Oceania – over-cultivation (3.3%) and over-grazing (11.3%) respectively. In addition, deforestation percentage in Europe was higher than North America’s and Oceania’s combined. In North America and Europe over-cultivation numbers were quite large, while in Oceania there was no land degraded by over-cultivation.
In conclusion, over-grazing was the main cause of worldwide degradation in 1990s. Europe percentage of degradation was largest of all three regions and all three regions had different predominant causes.